Doctor explains risk factors and treatment options for Heart Valve Diseases

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Bhubaneswar: Heart health discussions often revolve around cardiovascular diseases like heart attacks and coronary artery disease and others as they account for 27 per cent of non-communicable disease-related deaths in India. Another heart condition that is often overlooked is the – Heart Valve Disease (HVD).
Heart Valve Disease occurs when one or more heart valves fail to function correctly. Aortic Stenosis, the malfunction of the Aortic Valve, is one of the most common HVDs found in India. Research hints that 7.3 per cent of heart patients suffer from aortic stenosis in India. What is even more alarming is that this disease carries a high mortality rate if left untreated, with a prognosis worse than most cancers, resulting in a 50% mortality rate within two years.
Dr. Anupam Jena, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Bhubaneswar, said, “The remarkable evolution of interventional cardiology in India has provided a lifeline to patients who were previously considered inoperable due to age and comorbidities. For those deemed high-risk for open-heart surgery, there is now the option of a minimally invasive procedure called Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI).”
Understanding Risk Factors and Preventive Measures
Besides genetic factors, risk factors for Aortic Stenosis include high blood pressure, diabetes, and chronic kidney disease. Doctor Jena emphasized the importance of proactive heart care. Regular exercise, adopting a heart-healthy diet low in saturated fats, quitting smoking, and scheduling routine check-ups with healthcare providers are essential steps to maintain heart health and potentially avoid the need for interventions like TAVI.
“Heart Valve Disease are a significant concern, especially in the elderly. While treatment options like TAVI have given us more options, prevention remains our best strategy. By addressing risk factors, leading a heart-healthy lifestyle, and maintaining regular medical check-ups, patients can significantly reduce the burden of Heart Valve Disease and protect their well-being.” said Dr. Jena.

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